I’ve always wondered how much tort litigation deterred bad conduct. The word tort means bad act. Tort litigation is intended to both reimburse the victim of bad acts and to deter future bad acts.
Studies tend to show that in motor vehicle accidents the laws really do not substantially effect peoples’ driving. Most people assume that this is because drivers of vehicles do not wish to get in motor vehicle accidents because they could be hurt or killed. They have a built deterrent factor – injury.
Medical providers do not have the same incentive. People may very well have an innate sense that they should not hurt other people and try not to do so for ethical reasons. However, how much time and money one spends preventing an injury maybe significantly less if there are no consequences to the person or entity that hurts or kills person.